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Free Math Worksheets: 5x Tables

Video: How to Teach the 5x Tables

The video explains two ways to think about 5x tables and work out the answer:

  • multiply the number by 10, then halve the result
  • Halve the number first, then make it a number of tens. Of course, an odd multiplier will require some extra thought when halving

Supporting Resources

The worksheets come from Ten Minutes a Day: Level 2, Book 2, written for students in Grade 3 (US), Year 3 (UK) or Year 4 (Australia).

Go to for more information or to purchase your own copy of the full eBook. As a subscriber to the Free Math Worksheets email list, you can use the voucher included in the worksheets PDF to access a discount on this resource.

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Strategy for Teaching the 5x Tables:

Teaching the 5x tables is easiest if you connect them with the 10x tables.

Since 5 is half of 10, when you have pairs of 5 (eg, 6 fives), the answer will be half that number of tens (eg, 3 tens, or 30).

The bottom line here is to help students to understand the numbers, and work out the patterns themselves. We really do want students to construct their own understanding of the concepts, make sense of the operation, and so reach the answer. This avoids any tendency to teach students a series of steps – an algorithm – which they will probably forget pretty soon anyway.

Free Math Worksheet: 5x tables

Free Math Worksheet: 5x tables

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Download link: Free Math Worksheets – 5x Tables

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